Solar activity and its affect on the atmosphere is a fascinating and complicated area of study. The sun has an untold number of affects and as the various output levels and radiation levels change the temperature and mixing factors seen in the upper and lower atmosphere. This exactly what thousands of researchers and scientists are working diligently to understand. Of course there are thousands more things that play a pivotal role in the atmospheric patterns that make it even more complicated and with enough research these research groups are hoping to understand exactly what is going on.
The one thing that makes it so impossible to understand the atmosphere is the fact that there literally are thousands of things going on at any given point in time. The number of variables is incalculable and because of that scientists know that they will never have a complete understanding of what is going on. The good news is that research has proven that there are a number of relatively good calculations that can be performed that give us a fairly good idea of what is happening.
Other important things being studied right now involve how the sun and solar activity affect things such as communications and radio. This is a relatively new science as well because there are so many factors involved with predicting and understanding the interactions. Researchers have a relatively clear idea of what causes what type of reaction in the ionosphere but at this point they still do not have anywhere near enough information to accurately or remotely predict the results of a major occurrence. The other big part of this is finding a way to protect against what could be a major solar flare up.
It appears to be impossible right now to avoid a catastrophe when some sort of major solar storm affects earth, but researchers are hopeful that with enough investigation they will be able to find a sufficient and successful preventative measure for this type of scenario. It may take months or years to find any type of effective prevention method but that truly is the end goal to this research project. The heliosphere is also a major player when it comes to the atmosphere and the geological layout of earth; all in all there are just so many factors that it is difficult to understand what exactly each thing does.
For now the research into the atmosphere and the sun’s impact will continue as planned. Electromagnetic interference and radiation are still huge factors from the sun and with enough research we hope to understand it a little bit better one day though it really might take a hundred years or more to have any real idea of what is happening above us in the atmosphere. Solar and atmospheric research truly is one of the most exciting and revolutionary fields of research.